Chicken Nutrition Guide

Whether you are new to keeping chickens or have raised them for years, considering what you are feeding your birds is a good habit to practice. I find myself constantly consulting guides for what I can and cannot feed my chickens, from table scraps to backyard plants around the coop. It is always a good idea to be informed about the dangers or benefits of what your chickens are exposed to.

Chickens, like any other living thing, have certain nutritional requirements to live a healthy life.

See our downloadable guide for more detailed information about how chickens can gain the below nutrients and suggested feeding requirements to get you started.

Basic requirements for chicken nutrition include:

  • Fresh water
    All living things need fresh water to maintain healthy body function and metabolism.
  • Protein
    Protein is important for muscle and tissue building and repair.
  • Carbohydrates
    Provides “quick” energy to the birds throughout the day.
  • Fats and Oils
    Provides long term energy the birds can burn off throughout the day and keeps feathers and skin healthy.
  • Vitamin A
    Needed for normal growth, disease resistance, vision, and reproductive health.
    Vitamin B complex
  • Needed to maintain optimum growth rate and reproductive health.
  • Vitamin D
    Healthy growth, prevention of rickets, strengthens eggshells.
  • Vitamin K
    Improves circulation and keeps blood healthy.
  • Calcium
    Strengthens bones and eggshells.
  • Phosphorous
    Strengthens bones and eggshells.
  • Zinc
    Needed for healthy skin and feather development.
  • Manganese
    Strengthens eggshells and creates a good hatching rate.
  • Iodine
    Control of metabolism



Feeding and nutritional requirement amounts vary based on age, breed, and function of the chicken. Consult our downloadable guide for more detailed information.